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Maverick Parker
Maverick Parker

Airmon-ng: How to Scan, Sniff, and Inject Packets on Wireless Networks


How to Download and Use Airmon-ng




Airmon-ng is a command-line tool that can be used to enable monitor mode on wireless interfaces. Monitor mode allows your wireless adapter to capture all the packets in the air, even if they are not addressed to your device. This can be useful for various purposes, such as network analysis, security testing, troubleshooting, and hacking.


In this article, you will learn how to download and use airmon-ng on different platforms, what are some features and benefits of airmon-ng, and what are some alternatives to airmon-ng. By the end of this article, you will have a better understanding of how to use airmon-ng for your wireless network needs.




download airmon-ng



Requirements




Before you can use airmon-ng, you need to make sure that you have the following hardware and software requirements:


  • A wireless adapter that supports monitor mode and packet injection. You can check the compatibility of your adapter with .



  • A sufficient storage space and processing power for capturing and analyzing packets.



  • Aircrack-ng installed or available for installation. Airmon-ng is part of the Aircrack-ng suite, which is a collection of tools for wireless network security testing.



  • A solid understanding of wireless networking concepts, such as access points, channels, encryption, authentication, etc.



Installation




Airmon-ng comes pre-installed on some Linux distributions, such as Kali Linux, which is a popular choice for penetration testers and ethical hackers. However, you can also install it on other Linux distributions, as well as macOS and Windows. Here are the steps to install airmon-ng on different platforms:


Linux




If you are using a Debian-based Linux distribution, such as Ubuntu or Mint, you can install Aircrack-ng using the following command:


sudo apt install aircrack-ng


If you are using a Red Hat-based Linux distribution, such as Fedora or CentOS, you can install Aircrack-ng using the following command:


sudo yum install aircrack-ng


If you are using an Arch-based Linux distribution, such as Manjaro or Antergos, you can install Aircrack-ng using the following command:


sudo pacman -S aircrack-ng


macOS




If you are using macOS, you can install Aircrack-ng using Homebrew, which is a package manager for macOS. You can install Homebrew using the following command:


How to install airmon-ng on Kali Linux


Airmon-ng tutorial for beginners


Airmon-ng command reference and examples


Airmon-ng vs iwconfig for monitor mode


Airmon-ng check kill and how to restore network


Airmon-ng start wlan0 and what it does


Airmon-ng stop wlan0mon and how to switch back to managed mode


Airmon-ng script download and usage


Airmon-ng supported wireless cards and drivers


Airmon-ng troubleshooting and common errors


How to use airmon-ng with aircrack-ng suite


Airmon-ng capture packets and handshakes


Airmon-ng deauth clients and access points


Airmon-ng crack passwords and encryption


Airmon-ng monitor mode vs promiscuous mode


Airmon-ng discover wifi networks and clients


Airmon-ng scan channels and frequencies


Airmon-ng filter by ESSID or BSSID


Airmon-ng output files and formats


Airmon-ng save and resume sessions


How to update airmon-ng to the latest version


Airmon-ng alternatives and comparisons


Airmon-ng best practices and tips


Airmon-ng security and ethical issues


Airmon-ng requirements and dependencies


How to uninstall airmon-ng from Kali Linux


Airmon-ng for Windows or Mac OS X


Airmon-ng for Android or iOS devices


Airmon-ng for Raspberry Pi or Arduino


Airmon-ng for wireless penetration testing


Airmon-ng for wifi hacking and securing networks


Airmon-ng for wifi auditing and analysis


Airmon-ng for wifi spoofing and injection


Airmon-ng for wifi jamming and denial of service attacks


Airmon-ng for wifi phishing and social engineering


Airmon-ng for wifi wardriving and mapping


Airmon-ng for wifi cracking challenges and competitions


Airmon-ng for wifi research and development


Airmon-ng for wifi fun and entertainment


Airmon-ng for wifi education and learning


/bin/bash -c "$(curl -fsSL


Then, you can install Aircrack-ng using the following command:


brew install aircrack-ng


Windows




If you are using Windows, you can download the binary files of Aircrack-ng from . You need to extract the zip file and run the executable files from the command prompt. Alternatively, you can use a virtual machine or a live USB to run Linux on your Windows system and use Aircrack-ng from there.


Usage




Once you have installed Aircrack-ng, you can use airmon-ng to enable and disable monitor mode on your wireless interface. Here are the steps to do that:


Enable monitor mode




To enable monitor mode on your wireless interface, you need to run the following command:


airmon-ng start


Where is the name of your wireless interface, such as wlan0 or eth0. You can check the name of your wireless interface using the following command:


iwconfig


This command will create a new interface with the name mon, such as wlan0mon or eth0mon, which will be in monitor mode. You can verify that by running the following command:


iwconfig mon


You should see something like this:


mon IEEE 802.11 Mode:Monitor Frequency:2.412 GHz Tx-Power=20 dBm


Disable monitor mode




To disable monitor mode on your wireless interface, you need to run the following command:


airmon-ng stop mon


Where mon is the name of your monitor mode interface, such as wlan0mon or eth0mon. This command will delete the monitor mode interface and restore the original interface to its normal mode. You can verify that by running the following command:


iwconfig


You should see something like this:


IEEE 802.11 Mode:Managed Frequency:2.412 GHz Access Point: XX:XX:XX:XX:XX:XX


Features




Airmon-ng is a simple but powerful tool that can help you with various wireless network tasks. Here are some features and benefits of airmon-ng:


  • It can enable and disable monitor mode on multiple wireless interfaces at once.



  • It can check and kill any processes that may interfere with your wireless network operations, such as network managers, dhclient, wpa_supplicant, etc.



  • It can list all the available wireless interfaces and their details, such as driver, chipset, manufacturer, etc.



  • It can work with other tools in the Aircrack-ng suite, such as airodump-ng, aireplay-ng, aircrack-ng, etc., to perform various wireless network attacks and tests.



  • It is open-source and free to use.



Alternatives




Airmon-ng is not the only tool that can enable monitor mode on wireless interfaces. There are some alternatives that you can use, depending on your preference and situation. Here are some alternatives to airmon-ng:


Iwconfig




Iwconfig is a command-line tool that can configure wireless network parameters. It can also enable and disable monitor mode on wireless interfaces using the following commands:


iwconfig mode monitor


iwconfig mode managed


However, iwconfig is deprecated and may not work with some modern wireless drivers and chipsets. It is recommended to use iw instead.


Iw




Iw is a command-line tool that can manipulate wireless devices and their configuration. It can also enable and disable monitor mode on wireless interfaces using the following commands:


iw dev set type monitor


iw dev set type managed


Iw is more advanced and reliable than iwconfig, but it may require root privileges to run.


Ifconfig




Ifconfig is a command-line tool that can configure network interfaces. It can also enable and disable monitor mode on wireless interfaces using the following commands:


ifconfig down


iwconfig mode monitor


ifconfig up


ifconfig down


iwconfig mode managed


ifconfig up


Ifconfig is similar to iwconfig, but it requires you to bring down and up the interface before and after changing the mode.


Conclusion




In this article, you have learned how to download and use airmon-ng, a tool for enabling monitor mode on wireless interfaces. You have also learned about some features and benefits of airmon-ng, as well as some alternatives to airmon-ng. Monitor mode is a useful feature that can help you with various wireless network tasks, such as analysis, security testing, troubleshooting, and hacking. However, you should use it responsibly and ethically, and only on networks that you have permission to access.


Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)




What is the difference between monitor mode and promiscuous mode?




Promiscuous mode is a feature that allows your network adapter to capture all the packets on the same network, even if they are not addressed to your device. However, promiscuous mode only works on wired networks or wireless networks that use no encryption or WEP encryption. Monitor mode is a feature that allows your wireless adapter to capture all the packets in the air, regardless of the network or encryption. Monitor mode is more powerful and versatile than promiscuous


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